What should an employment contract in Turkey include?
An employment contract in Turkey should include the following:
- The employer’s and employee’s names and addresses.
- A job title and a description of the employee’s responsibilities.
- Salary or compensation, payment schedule, and benefits. Contract start date and duration.
- The schedule of work, breaks, and vacation days.
- Termination provisions, such as notice requirements and reasons for termination.
- Additional terms and conditions of employment that may be relevant.
The employer and the employee should ensure they are fully aware of all the terms and conditions before signing an employment contract.
What types of employment contracts exist in Turkey?
The most typical types of employment contracts in Turkey are:
1. Employee contract
A few employment contracts may be used in Turkey to regulate employer-employee interactions. They include the following:
- Indefinite-term contracts: In Turkey, most workers are employed under indefinite-term contracts. Indefinite employment contracts in Turkey are required by law to detail the job’s title and description, working hours and rest intervals, remuneration or wage, payment frequency, and benefits. These agreements are effective until terminated by either the company or the worker.
- Fixed-term contracts: Fixed-term contracts can only be used for certain types of work and a limited period. Terms such as the job’s title and description, hours of work and rest periods, salary or wage, payment frequency, and benefits must all be included in fixed-term contracts. These agreements will cease when a certain date or condition is met, such as when a certain project is finished.
2. Project-based contract
Contracts based on the completion of a specific project are commonplace in many fields. Typically, the duration of such agreements is limited to the time it takes to complete a single project or service. In Turkey, workers are often hired on a temporary, project-based basis rather than for an extended period of time.
3. Author’s contract
The nature of the work, the rights granted to the publisher or producer, the length of the contract, the author’s compensation, and the terms for terminating the contract are all required under Turkish law for an author’s contract. Turkish copyright laws and all other relevant laws and regulations must be followed.
How to hire employees in Turkey?
Turkish law mandates that businesses pay workers at least the legally mandated minimum wage and provide them with any other benefits to which they are legally entitled. In order to hire workers in Turkey, a company must first register as a legal entity.
This means you’ll have to go through the proper channels with the Turkish government to register your business and get a tax ID. Alternatively, you may seek advice from a company that recruits from outside Turkey.
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